MAJA MACH

I ROK, II STOPIEŃ
EDUKACJA ARTYSTYCZNA
W ZAKRESIE SZTUK PLASTYCZNYCH

CZŁOWIEK-ZWIERZĘ

Moja praca porusza temat relacji człowieka z naturą. Ma na celu ukazać jak w świecie przyrody wszystko jest ze sobą ściśle powiązane i zazębione. Odsłania skutki ingerencji człowieka. Niekiedy na pozór niewielkie, lecz nieprzemyślane działania okazują się mieć katastrofalny wpływ na naturalne środowisko i życie zwierząt. Doszukałam się przykładów, gdzie człowiek zakłócając harmonię natury, przyczynia się do zmiany całego cyklu w ekosystemie. Wymienione przykłady nawiązują poniekąd do żywiołów: wody, ognia, powietrza i ziemi.

HUMAN-ANIMAL

My work deals with the topic of human relations with nature. It attempts to show how everything is closely related and interconnected in the world of nature. It reveals the effects of human interference. Sometimes seemingly small but ill-considered actions turn out to have a catastrophic impact on the natural environment and animal life. I found examples where man, by disturbing the harmony of nature, contributes to changing the entire cycle in the ecosystem. The examples listed refer in a way to the elements of water, fire, air, and earth.

In the years 1958 – 1962, a so-called „Campaign for the eradication of sparrows” took place in the People’s Republic of China. At that time, sparrows were thought to be pests and eat grain for sowing. The result of the mass destruction of sparrows was the spread of the plague of locusts, which feed on sparrows. Locusts plundered Chinese fields.

In the nineteenth century, due to complaints from farmers grazing their cattle, packs of wolves were killed in Yellowstone Park. Due to the lack of predators, herds of deer and other herbivorous animals quickly expanded. Soon, part of the park was stripped of young shoots of trees and grasses, including those growing at the riverfront. As a result, deprived of food birds flew away and beavers disappeared, lacking access to young deciduous shoots of trees. The transformation of the river course has resulted in the violation of the entire ecosystem. Due to the lack of coastal plants and the work of beavers, the river banks were depleted and floods took more and more soil.

In the years 1958 – 1962, a so-called „Campaign for the eradication of sparrows” took place in the People’s Republic of China. At that time, sparrows were thought to be pests and eat grain for sowing. The result of the mass destruction of sparrows was the spread of the plague of locusts, which feed on sparrows. Locusts plundered Chinese fields.

In 1971 in Turkmenistan, in the village of Derweze, during geological drilling people got through a so-called „gas pocket”. A hole in the ground, 70 meters in diameter and about 20 meters deep, was set on fire so that the gas would burn out. The gas is still burning today.